Site Specific Allocations

Adopted January 2011

Appendix 4 - Glossary

Affordable Housing
Housing that is provided, with subsidy, for people who are unable to resolve their housing needs in the local private sector market because of the relationship between housing costs and incomes. Affordable Housing normally consists of social rented housing or intermediate housing which is normally provided by a Housing Association. The official national definition of affordable housing for the purposes of Town and Country Planning is found in Planning Policy Statement 3.

Annual Monitoring Report (AMR)
It is a requirement of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 for local planning authorities to monitor and review progress towards the delivery of the local development documents. Progress is set down in an Annual Monitoring Report which has to be prepared by the December following the end of the previous financial year.

Archaeological Condition
This is usually a condition attached to a planning permission allowing reasonable access to a nominated archaeologist - either to hold a "watching brief" during the construction period or specifically to carry out archaeological investigation and recording in the course of the permitted operations on site.

Area Action Plans
These are used to provide a planning framework for areas of significant change or conservation. They are part of the Development Plan.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
Environmentally sensitive land designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 for its special landscape value. The Suffolk Coast and Heaths AONB was confirmed in 1970 by the Countryside Commission to protect the high landscape quality of the area for future generations. Suffolk Coast and Heaths is one of the 41 AONBs which cover 15% of England and Wales. The District Council has a statutory duty under Sec 85 of the Countryside and Rights Of Way Act 2000 to have regard to the AONB in performing its functions.

Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal species, plus the groups of species which make up particular habitats. These help to maintain a balanced environment at all levels, from local to global.

(The) Broads Authority Area
This area, which includes parts of Waveney District outside the area covered by the Waveney Local Development Framework, has status equivalent to a national park. The Broads Authority is the local planning authority for the area, and has the statutory duties of conserving and enhancing its landscape, wildlife and cultural heritage; promoting opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of its special qualities by the public; and protecting its navigation.

Brownfield Land
See previously developed land.

Conservation Area
An area, designated by a local authority, of special architectural or historic interest within towns and villages, which has been given special status to ensure its protection and enhancement.

County Wildlife Site
Areas of county-wide wildlife interest as defined using the following criteria:
• 'Woodland sites are selected using a number of criteria; ancient status, well developed structure and diverse ground flora;
• Grasslands are selected on the basis of unimproved status, floral diversity and presence of rarities;
• Other habitats which are regionally or nationally scarce, e.g. heathland, vegetable shingle or open water are also represented;
• Any sites which support a population of one or more species listed in Schedule 5 or 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act or the Red Data book are included.'
Taken from 'A Register of County Wildlife Sites in Suffolk' (1991 and updates), compiled by Suffolk Wildlife Trust and Suffolk County Council.

Density
In the case of residential development, a measurement of the number of dwellings per hectare. Net housing density excludes for example structural landscaping.

Design and Access Statement
A statement accompanying a planning application that lays out the design principles on which a development proposal is based, including how disabled people, older people and very young children, will be able to use the development.

Development
Defined in Section 55 (1) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 as 'the carrying out of building, engineering, mining and other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or land'.

Development Management Policies
These are criteria based policies which will be applied to ensure that all development meets the overall vision and strategic policies set out in the Core Strategy. To a greater or lesser extent these polices will need to be taken into account in the determination of the majority of planning applications including those planning applications for the development of sites in this DPD. The Development Management Policies form part of the Development Plan.

Economic Development
Development that creates new, or safeguards existing jobs.

Evidence Base
Information and data gathered by the Council to justify the 'soundness' of the policy approach set out in Local Development Documents.

Flood Risk Assessment
A site specific assessment of all types of flood risk to the proposed development itself and to others in the locality. All planning applications for development of 1 hectare or greater in any flood zone are required to include a Flood Risk Assessment. All planning applications for development in Flood Zones 2 and 3 require Flood Risk Assessments.

Geodiversity
The natural diversity of geological features (rocks, minerals, fossils and structures), geomorphological features (landforms and processes) and soil features that make up the landscape. This includes their assemblages, relationships, properties, interpretations and systems.

Greenfield
Land which has not been previously developed i.e. fields, woods, meadows, or land that has no recent history of development.

Heritage (built and architectural)
Historical, architectural and archaeological features, buildings and monuments that are of local, regional or national interest.

Heritage Coast
An area of coastline protected and promoted by Natural England in association with local authorities for the enjoyment of the coast whilst protecting its natural beauty, nationally important wildlife and landscape features and improving the quality of inshore waters and beaches.

Highway Authority
Looks after local roads (non-trunk roads) Responsible for preparing a Local Transport Plan and commenting on the impact of development proposals on local roads. The Highway Authority for Waveney is Suffolk County Council.

Highways Agency
Government agency that is responsible for operating, maintaining and improving the strategic road network (Trunk Roads). The Highways Agency will make comments on the impact of development proposals on the safe and efficient operation of trunk roads.

Listed Building
A building or structure designated by the Secretary of State for the Department of Culture, Media, and Sport as being of special architectural or historical interest.

Local Development Documents
The collective term used in the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 for Development Plan documents, Supplementary Planning Documents and the Statement of Community Involvement, Local Development Scheme and the Annual Monitoring Report.

Mixed Use Development
A term used to refer to a variety of types of development on a particular site.

Open Space
Covers a broad range of open spaces as defined in the annex to PPG17: Planning for Open Space, Sport and Recreation (2002).

Planning Obligations and Agreements
A legal agreement between a planning authority and a developer ensuring that certain extra work related to a development are undertaken or contributions made to the provision of infrastructure or facilities, for example the provision of highways. Sometimes called a Section 106 Agreement.

Planning Policy Guidance Note (PPG)
National policy guidelines issued by the Department of Communities and Local Government on a range of subjects affecting the use and development of land.

Planning Policy Statements (PPS)
Statements of the government's national policies on a range of topics. Now issued by the Department for Communities and Local Government (CLG) and formerly by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM).

PPS1 Delivering Sustainable Development
Supplement to PPS1 Planning and Climate Change
Supplement to PPS1 Eco-towns
PPG2 Green Belts
PPS3 Housing
PPS4 Planning for Sustainable Economic Growth
PPS5 Planning and the Historic Environment
PPS7 Sustainable Development in Rural Areas
PPG8 Telecommunications
PPS9 Biodiversity and Geological Conservation
PPS10 Planning for Sustainable Waste Management
PPS12 Local Spatial Planning
PPG13 Transport
PPG14 Development on Unstable Land
PPG17 Planning for Open Space, Sport and Recreation
PPG18 Enforcing Planning Control
PPG19 Outdoor Advertisement Control
PPG20 Coastal Planning
Good Practice Guide on Planning for Tourism
PPS22 Renewable Energy
PPS23 Planning and Pollution Control
PPG24 Planning and Noise
PPS25 Development and Flood Risk
Supplement to PPS25: Development and Coastal Change

Previously Developed Land (PDL)
Previously-developed land is that which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. The definition includes defence buildings but excludes land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings; land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes where provision has been made for restoration through development control procedures; land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds, and allotments which, although it may feature paths, pavilions and other buildings, has not previously been developed; land that was previously developed but where the remains of the permanent structure of fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the process of time (to the extent that it can reasonably be considered as part of the natural surroundings). There is no presumption that land that is previously developed is necessarily suitable for housing development nor that the whole of the curtilage should be developed. (Source: PPS3 Housing)

Proposals Maps
Ordnance Survey maps which identify the areas to which policies and proposals in the development plan documents relate.

Ramsar sites
Wetlands of global importance, listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (signed in Ramsar, Iran).

Regional Spatial Strategies
These set out the region's policies in relation to the development and use of land. It forms part of the statutory development plan, however in May 2010 the Secretary of State announced the intention to abolish Regional Spatial Strategies.

Regeneration
Regeneration centres on the physical development of land, buildings and new transport systems. It also seeks to capture and maximise benefits for the people through economic and social regeneration in terms of skills, social and economic inclusion, prosperity, education, housing, health, community development and the environment. It is closely aligned to neighbourhood renewal.

Regionally Important Geological/Geomorphological Sites (RIGS)
Sites of regional and local importance for geodiversity. RIGS may be designated for their value to Earth science or to Earth heritage in general including as cultural, educational, historical and aesthetic resources.

Renewable & Low Carbon Energy
Includes energy for heating and cooling as well as generating electricity. Renewable energy covers those energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment - from the wind, the fall of water, the movement of the oceans, from the sun and also from biomass. Low-carbon technologies are those that can help reduce carbon emissions. Renewable and/or low-carbon energy supplies include, but not exclusively, those from biomass and energy crops; CHP/CCHP (and micro-CHP); waste heat that would otherwise be generated directly or indirectly from fossil fuel; energy-from-waste; ground source heating and cooling; hydro; solar thermal and photovoltaic generation; wind generation.

'Saved' Policies
Under the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, policies in the Waveney Adopted Local Plan (1996) were saved for 3 years from 28th September 2004. The Secretary of State can make a direction to save policies for a further period beyond this date, but they were otherwise due to expire on 27th September 2007. The Council had to submit an assessment of Adopted Policies that it wished to save beyond 27th September 2007 and the Secretary of State's Direction lists the Adopted Local Plan policies that have been extended beyond 27th September 2007. Local Plan policies are gradually being replaced by policies contained within development plan documents once they are adopted. The saved policies are listed on the Council's website.

Section 106 Planning Obligation
A legal agreement which provides a means of ensuring that developers contribute towards the infrastructure that is required to make a development acceptable in planning terms.

Site Investigation Report
A detailed report that examines the extent and risk of ground contamination on a site. A site investigation report is a requirement of Planning Policy Statement (PPS) 23. It must be carried out by a competent person to fully and effectively characterise the nature and extent of any land and/or groundwater contamination and its implications. It must detail all investigative works and sampling on site, together with the results of analysis, risk assessment to any receptors and a proposed remediation strategy.

Shoreline Management Plans (SMPs)
SMPs provide a large-scale assessment of the risks associated with coastal processes and present a long term policy framework to reduce these risks to people and the developed, historic and natural environment in a sustainable manner.

Spatial Planning
Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function. It includes policies which can impact on land use, for example by influencing the demands on, or needs for, development, but which are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting or refusal of planning permission and which may be implemented by other means.

Special Areas of Conservation (SACs)
Sites of European importance for nature conservation designated under the Conservation of Natural Habitats and Wild Flora and Fauna Directive.

Special Protection Areas (SPAs)
Sites of European importance for nature conservation designated under the Conservation of Wild Birds Directive.

Statement of Community Involvement
This sets out the methods local authorities will use to involve local communities in the preparation of Local Development Documents and development control decisions. The Statement is not part of the Development Plan but it is subject to independent examination.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment
A comprehensive assessment of sites that could deliver housing in a District over 5, 10 and 15 year periods.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment
An assessment which estimates local or sub-regional housing need and demand in terms of affordable and market housing.

Structure Plans
These were county wide strategic planning documents. They formed part of the development plan alongside Local Plans, but have now been superseded.

Suffolk Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPS)
The local version of the national biodiversity action plan concentrating on those species and habitats particularly relevant to Suffolk.

Sustainable Development
Sustainable development is an approach towards development that aims to ensure people satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a good quality of life without compromising the quality of life for future generations. The Government will try to achieve that through five principles: Living within environmental limits, Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society, Achieving a sustainable economy, Promoting good governance and using sound science responsibly.

Sustainable Drainage Systems
System where surface water (i.e. rainwater) drains naturally back into the underground water system rather than to waste water treatment works.

Transport Assessment
An assessment that illustrates accessibility to a site by all modes and the likely modal split of journeys to and from the site. It should give details of proposed measures to improve access by public transport, walking and cycling, to reduce the need for parking associated with the proposal and to mitigate transport impacts.

Travel Plan
A plan of measures produced by occupiers of new commercial and public buildings to encourage staff and visitors to travel to it via alternatives to single-occupancy car-use. Such a plan for example, could include: car sharing schemes; a commitment to improve cycling facilities; a dedicated bus service or restricted car parking allocations. It might also promote flexible-working practices such as remote access and video conferencing.

Tree Preservation Order (TPO)
A mechanism for securing the preservation of single or groups of trees of acknowledged amenity value. A tree subject to an order may not normally be topped, lopped or felled without the consent of the Local Planning Authority.

Urban Regeneration Company (URC)
A private company set up specifically to promote the regeneration of a particular geographical area. Such companies were designated by the Office of Deputy Prime Minister and the Department of Trade and Industry. Representatives from the local authorities, community and private sector make up a Board of Directors.

Use Classes Order
The Use Classes Order puts uses of land and buildings into various groupings that have similar implications for the amenity of an area. The Use Classes Order permits some changes within, and between, classes although most changes of use between different classes require planning permission.

Very Sheltered Housing
Types of supported housing which provide a 'caring environment' for older people. Very Sheltered Housing often consists of specially designed self-contained housing and may have a range of communal facilities sometimes available to older people in the local community as well as the scheme. There are dedicated care teams and personal care is provided either by the housing provider or on a contract with another agency or social services. (Source: DCLG)

Waveney Local Strategic Partnership
involves a range of organisations from across the District working towards the delivery of the Sustainable Communities Strategy.

Windfall Site
A site not allocated in a plan, but which unexpectedly becomes available for development during the lifetime of the plan.