East Suffolk Council - Waveney Local Plan (Adopted March 2019)

Strategy for Rural Areas

New homes in rural areas

Total

Homes Built 2014-2017

51

Existing Housing Commitments10

415

Homes allocated in Local Plan expected to be delivered in plan period

399

Total Growth 2014-2036

865

10 Sites with planning permission are expected to complete before 2036.

7.1 The strategy for the rural areas is to deliver approximately 10% of the District's housing growth, supported by infrastructure, tourism, small scale employment, and retail and leisure development. Rural communities are dynamic in the sense they reflect historical patterns of development, are often well linked through social networks and as the population and technology change over time so do the needs and aspirations of these settlements. In recent years there has been limited development in the rural parts of the District.

7.2 New housing development in rural settlements will primarily be delivered through housing allocations (399 dwellings). These will be supplemented with sites that come forward that have not been allocated but may comply with other policies in the Local Plan. These are referred to as 'windfall sites'. The Rural Settlement Hierarchy sets out the framework for the distribution of new residential development while the District-Wide Strategic Planning Policies set out in Section 8 will guide the decision making process for these types of proposals. The District-Wide Strategic Planning Policies will support and facilitate non-residential development such as proposals for employment, retail and leisure in rural areas.

Rural Areas Settlement Hierarchy and Housing Growth

7.3 The National Planning Policy Framework encourages an approach to housing delivery in rural areas where it will enhance or maintain the vitality of rural settlements. New development can support new and existing services and facilities and provide a wider choice of quality new homes where they are needed. The Framework encourages development in locations where people can access services and facilities and where there is a choice of transport modes including walking, cycling and public transport. Growth is also supported where development in one settlement can support people living in communities nearby.

7.4 The overall objective of the rural strategy is to deliver development that reflects the character of a rural settlement and contributes towards sustainable development that will support their needs and enable them to grow and prosper in the long term. Most new housing development is identified through site allocations both in this Local Plan and in Neighbourhood Plans, however, District-Wide Strategic Planning Policies will support planning decisions related to residential proposals on sites not allocated in the Local Plan.

Table 2 - Appropriate types of residential development in different parts of the Rural Area

Settlement Hierarchy

Type of development

Corton (in the Lowestoft Area), Larger Villages and Smaller Villages (in the Rural Areas)

  • Allocated sites in the Local Plan.
  • Development within settlement boundaries.
  • Affordable housing adjacent to settlement boundaries in accordance with Policy WLP8.6.
  • Barn conversions in accordance with Policy WLP8.11.
  • Allocations set out in Neighbourhood Plans.

The Countryside including other rural settlements

  • Small scale development in accordance with Policy WLP8.7.
  • Affordable housing adjacent to built up areas in accordance with Policy WLP8.6.
  • Barn conversions in accordance with Policy WLP8.11.
  • Dwellings for rural workers in accordance with Policy WLP8.8.
  • Allocations set out in Neighbourhood Plans.

7.5 A hierarchy of settlements covering the rural areas has been devised to focus housing growth in the larger villages where there is relatively better provision of day-to-day services. These larger villages are generally able to accommodate larger amounts of development without unduly impacting upon the character of the village. The hierarchy identified in Policy WLP7.1 allows for appropriate levels of development in smaller villages to help protect and support the existing services and in some cases improve them. The policy supports limited amounts of development elsewhere in other rural settlements in the Countryside that is not within or adjacent to the settlement boundaries of classified villages. In these locations growth is expected to be facilitated by Neighbourhood Plans and by Policies WLP8.6, WLP8.7, WLP8.8 and WLP8.11 of this Local Plan.

7.6 This section of the Local Plan identifies the strategy for each larger and smaller village and identifies where there are new allocations for development in the rural areas.

Policy WLP7.1 - Rural Settlement Hierarchy and Housing Growth

Approximately 10% of the District's housing growth will take place in the rural areas.

Approximately 70% of new housing development in the rural areas will be in the larger villages, 20% in the smaller villages and 10% elsewhere in other rural settlements in the Countryside. The development requirements in the larger and smaller villages in the rural area will be delivered through site allocations in this Local Plan.

Settlements classified as larger villages in the rural area are:

      • Barnby and North Cove
      • Blundeston
      • Kessingland
      • Somerleyton
      • Wangford
      • Wrentham

Settlements classified as smaller villages in the rural area are:

      • Brampton
      • Homersfield
      • Ilketshall St Lawrence
      • Lound
      • Mutford
      • Ringsfield
      • Rumburgh
      • Willingham (Shadingfield and Willingham St Mary)
      • Westhall
      • Wissett

The development requirements elsewhere in other rural settlements in the Countryside will come forward through Neighbourhood Plans and windfall sites in accordance with Policies WLP8.6, WLP8.7, WLP8.8 and WLP8.11 of this Local Plan.

Larger Villages

Figure 19 - Total number of homes planned for in each larger village

figure 19

Larger Village

Housing completions and planning permissions2014-2017

Number of homes allocated in the Local Plan

Barnby & North Cove

8

50

Blundeston

155

61

Kessingland

187*

0

Somerleyton

0

45

Wangford

3

16

Wrentham

34

60

*includes 105 homes allocated in the Kessingland Neighbourhood Plan© Crown copyright [and database rights] 2019 OS100042052

Barnby and North Cove Strategy and Site Allocations

Population

928

Primary School

Yes

GP Surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

423

Food shop

No

Post Office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 20

7.7 The parishes of Barnby and North Cove are located between Lowestoft and Beccles north of the A146. Most residents in the parishes live in the villages of Barnby and North Cove, which when viewed from The Street appear as one built up area. The villages are set within two landscapes of different character with the north being defined by the Broads and the south being flat, open countryside contained by the A146 along the south extent of the built up area. The location on the A146 enables good access to services, facilities and employment areas in Beccles and Lowestoft by both private vehicle and public transport.

7.8 The strategy for Barnby and North Cove is to retain the rural character of the settlements, in particular the influence of the Broads landscape whilst allowing for a reasonable level of growth to help support existing services and facilities and to provide a greater choice of accommodation in the villages. Therefore development is allocated south of the existing settlement boundary by Policy WLP7.2 where it can be contained within the landscape and be designed to reflect the existing character of the village.

7.9 To accommodate the new planned development, Barnby and North Cove Community Primary School will need to expand by at least 15 places. Barnby and North Cove are currently served by Worlingham Water Recycling Centre. This Water Recycling Centre is already over capacity. Therefore new sewage flows should be diverted to Beccles Water Recycling Centre. Localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will also be required.

Land Between The Street and A146, Barnby

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Residential development

7.10 The site (2.80 hectares) is located on the south fringe of Barnby. The land is currently used for agricultural purposes and can be accessed from The Street.

7.11 The site is well related to the existing built up area of the village and is well contained in the landscape by existing properties to the north and the A146 to the south. Development of the site will have a limited impact on the wider landscape and will not have a significant adverse impact on the setting of the Broads.

7.12 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 16 dwellings per hectare. A majority of new dwellings in this area are disproportionately large and reflect the recent patterns of residential development. Since 2009, fourteen of a total of sixteen dwellings delivered in the villages have been three bedrooms or larger. This has contributed towards a shortfall of small dwellings in the area. Therefore the delivery of smaller dwellings on the site will be supported.

7.13 The A146 is located along the south boundary of the site. Noise generated by traffic is to be considered as part of any proposal. The existing trees along this route should be protected and reinforced to reduce the impact of noise and provide screening.

7.14 Footways within the development should provide direct connections to the existing pedestrian network. This could usefully be supported with improvements to the unsigned cycle route along The Street that connects the site to other destinations in the village including the primary school and the recreation area at Pinewood Gardens.

7.15 The nearest equipped play space is located at Pinewood Gardens in North Cove which is the only significant open space for outdoor recreation activities in the village. This site lies some distance from the play area. Therefore an equipped play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play should be provided on the site. This open space should be not less than 0.2 hectares in size and be located and designed to have good natural surveillance and complement the character of The Street.

7.16 There is potential for archaeology to be found on the site and any planning application will be subject to a condition requiring a programme of archaeological work.

Policy WLP7.2 - Land Between The Street and A146, Barnby

Land between The Street and the A146, Barnby (2.80 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 50 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes. The priority will be for smaller two and three bedroom dwellings which reflect the scale of properties located in the area of Mill Lane.
    • On the frontage onto The Street, dwellings should consist of varied designs and be set back from the road with off-street parking.
    • The existing footway along The Street should be extended along the frontage of the site.
    • Landscaping should be provided along the frontage of The Street to complement and enhance the streetscape.
    • Trees located along the south boundary should be protected and reinforced with additional planting.
    • A play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play together with ancillary open space and landscaping should be provided. This open space will be of an area not less than 0.2 hectares. The site should be positioned to have a street corner location with one frontage facing onto The Street.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Blundeston Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

1,637

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

509

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 21

7.17 Blundeston is located approximately three miles north west of Lowestoft. The village is well connected to the strategic road network including the A47 linking Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth and the B1074 towards Norwich. Employment is available in Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth and new development proposed in the Local Plan could improve the attractiveness of the village as a place to live and support the community.

7.18 The village has literary links to Charles Dickens and there are several distinctive buildings of heritage value that contribute towards the character of the village including Plough Inn and St Mary the Virgin Church. Recreational activities are focused around the village hall where there is equipped play provision and sports pitch facilities.

7.19 During the first half of the plan period the redevelopment of the former Blundeston Prison site will deliver a significant amount of new housing in the village to meet local needs as well as a pre-school, retail and employment units. The strategy for Blundeston is therefore to allocate a small amount of additional development with the majority delivered once the Blundeston Prison development is complete in order to enable the community to accommodate this growth and reduce the potential impact on the character of the village.

7.20 This additional development will help support the existing services and facilities within the village. To support the new development in Blundeston and surrounding parishes, Blundeston Primary School will need to expand to accommodate at least 23 new places. Localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will also be required.

Land South of Lound Road, Blundeston

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Residential development

7.21 The site (0.88 hectares) is located in Blundeston on Lound Road in the north west area of the village. The north part of the site has been used for horticulture in the past and the south part of the site is greenfield and used for grazing.

7.22 The site is set within the built up area and is contained within the wider landscape by existing development and trees along Flixton Road. Compared to other potential sites for development around the village the site is considered to have a minimal impact on the landscape setting and character of Blundeston. This small site provides an opportunity to provide housing that will contribute towards meeting local need without adversely affect the setting or character of the village.

7.23 The site is most closely related to the adjacent built up area to the east which is characterised by well established two storey semi-detached dwellings. The housing density in the surrounding residential area is approximately 18 dwellings per hectare and is characterised by dwellings with a small footprint relative to the size of the plot. Existing properties near the site are set back from the road and have off-street car parking which should be reflected in any development proposal.

7.24 Along the south boundary is an unpaved public right of way lined by established trees. Lound Road does not have footways and an opportunity exists for the development to utilise this public right of way to improve connectivity to facilities in the village.

7.25 There is a bend in Lound Road and access to the development should be located away from the bend to the east.

7.26 There is potential for archaeology to be found on the site and any planning application will be subject to a condition requiring a programme of archaeological work.

Policy WLP7.3 - Land South of Lound Road, Blundeston

Land at Lound Road, Blundeston (0.88 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 16 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • The size of the building footprint in relation to the size of the plot will reflect the character of properties located to the east along Lound Road.
    • Direct access to the public right of way located along the south boundary of the site should be provided.
    • Trees along the south boundary of the site should be protected.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Land North of Pickwick Drive, Blundeston

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Residential development

7.27 The site (2.29 hectares) is located on the north extremity of Blundeston. This site is potentially accessed from Pickwick Drive (via Market Lane) and The Pippins. The site is fallow and has been used for horticultural purposes in the past.

7.28 The site is an extension of the existing built up area but is contained within the wider landscape and relates well to recent development in this part of the village.

7.29 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare. The area to the west of the site is characterised by single storey dwellings with frontages set back from the road and the dwellings to the south in the vicinity of Pickwick Drive are characterised by recent development consisting of two storey dwellings. A mix of dwelling types on the site would complement both of these areas.

7.30 The site has access to the existing road network, however, the access point from Pickwick Drive is narrow and designed to support shared use. This access may need to be upgraded. There is further opportunity for access into the west of the site via The Pippins.

7.31 The site is contained within the wider landscape by the undulating terrain and trees in the area. Adjacent grazing plots along the east boundary help integrate the site into the surrounding landscape. New development has the potential to create a prominent settlement edge to the north and east. A scheme designed to have a street frontage facing out to the countryside coupled with landscaping would act to soften the potential impact on the landscape. Existing hedgerows along the east flank of the site link into the hedgerow network that extends northwards from The Loke. The hedgerows should be protected and opportunities to enhance the hedgerow for biodiversity are encouraged.

7.32 The site contains several different habitats that could support biodiversity. To identify the biodiversity value of the site and any necessary mitigation measures, an ecological assessment will be required as part of any planning application.

7.33 The site is some distance from the play facilities located near the village hall. There are no footways or cycle routes to provide safe access for children to these community facilities in the centre of the village. Therefore, an equipped play area with ancillary open space should be provided on site. It is important this is designed to be well overlooked and related to the surrounding development.

7.34 Two public rights of way connect to The Pippins located at the north west corner of the site. These routes form part of a wider footpath network extending to Oulton and the Waveney Valley. A development that enables access to the public rights of way would benefit the wider area.

7.35 The site has potential for archaeology and a programme of archaeological work will be required as part of any planning permission.

7.36 An underground sewerage pipe traverses the site. Discussions with Anglian Water should be undertaken prior to a planning application being submitted to identify if mitigation measures are required.

Policy WLP7.4 - Land North of Pickwick Drive, Blundeston

Land at Market Lane, Blundeston (2.29 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 45 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 25 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes and reflect the residential character of the surrounding area.
    • A play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play and ancillary open space totalling not less than 0.2 hectares is to be provided on site. The open space should be designed to have a street frontage on three sides or have a street corner position.
    • Direct access to the public rights of way located at the north west corner of the site should be provided.
    • Landscaping and tree planting will be required to mitigate the impact of the development on the character of the adjacent countryside and amenity when viewed from public rights of way. Hedgerows on site should be protected and planting to enhance the connectivity and value of the hedgerows will be required to support biodiversity.
    • An ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • A maximum of 25 new dwellings can be accessed via Pickwick Drive with the remainder accessed via The Pippins.
    • Planning permission for residential development will not be granted until 2025.

Kessingland Strategy

Population

4,327

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

Yes

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

2,147

Food shop

Yes

Post office

Yes

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

7.37 Kessingland is the largest village in Waveney with a range of shops and services and employment provided by tourism and a number of small business units.

7.38 Kessingland has recently prepared a Neighbourhood Plan which was 'made' by Waveney District Council in January 2017. The Neighbourhood Plan sets out a vision and strategy for the village which the District Council strongly supports. The Neighbourhood Plan allocates 3 sites for housing, totalling 105 houses. The Neighbourhood Plan also allocates land for an Early Years Centre and a care facility. All allocations are shown on the Policies Map.

7.39 Given the significant levels of housing allocated by the Neighbourhood Plan which will help support and enhance service provision in the village, it is not considered necessary to allocate further development to Kessingland in this Local Plan.

Somerleyton Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

427

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

208

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 22

7.40 Somerleyton is small compared to other villages categorised as Larger Villages by Policy WLP7.1. Over the period 2001 to 2011 the population declined by 26. However, compared to other villages, the village has a good range of services and facilities, and a railway station which provides links to Lowestoft and Norwich.

7.41 The village reflects the design aspiration of Sir Morton Peto who contributed significantly to the prosperity of the District in the 19th Century. Somerleyton Hall provides the backdrop for the village. The heart of the village is characterised by ornate thatched roof buildings set around a village green. These form part of the Somerleyton Conservation Area which is a key feature of the village to be preserved and enhanced.

7.42 The strategy for Somerleyton is for new development to provide a variety of housing types and tenures to meet local housing need and support local services and facilities. Given the exceptional quality of design of the historic buildings in the village any new development should also be of an exceptionally high standard.

7.43 New development will contribute towards the improvement of existing community facilities such as a replacement village hall. New development will support the primary school and new drop-off provision will be required. Localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will also be required.

Land North of The Street, Somerleyton

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Residential development

7.44 The site (0.65 hectares) is located within the built up area of the village. The land consists of areas classified as greenfield and brownfield. The part of the site fronting onto The Street is a former petrol station. Ancillary chemical storage tanks are located on the north part of the site. Part of the site is undeveloped and fallow.

7.45 The site is considered appropriate for development because it is well located in the village, is partly brownfield land, is well contained in the wider landscape and will provide new residents with good access to the primary school and other facilities in the village. The site is located close to a number of listed buildings but with mitigation the potential impact on these is likely to be less than other potential options for development in the village.

7.46 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 15 dwellings per hectare. This part of the village is characterised by distinctive two storey dwellings related to the Somerleyton Estate. Modern development along The Street adjacent the site consists of bungalows and these are out of keeping with the character of the wider settlement.

7.47 The site is located within the conservation area and there are listed buildings adjacent the site to the south and west. The Rosary is set within an expansive garden and flanked by locally listed buildings to the east and west. The setting and character of these could be adversely affected by insensitive development. To mitigate this impact, dwellings should be relatively low level, no higher than 2 storeys and no higher than surrounding heritage assets, have rear gardens backing onto the former post office, Japonica and The Nook to provide separation between the buildings.

7.48 The Forge, a locally listed building situated within the site, is to be retained. Consideration should be given to how this building can be re-used to benefit the site and the village. Buildings either side of The Forge are also locally listed and a heritage impact assessment will be required.

7.49 North of the site are the community allotments. These form part of the conservation area and contribute towards the setting of the dwellings which front onto the village green. Along the edge of the allotments are hedgerows. These should be protected and reinforced to protect the character of the area and reduce the potential for creating an exposed settlement edge facing the open countryside to the north.

Policy WLP7.5 - Land North of The Street, Somerleyton

Land north of The Street, Somerleyton (0.65 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 10 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 15 dwellings per hectare.
    • Building heights should be no higher than 2 storeys.
    • Dwellings should be designed to have gardens backing onto properties located southwest of the site.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the site boundaries should be protected and reinforced where possible.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • A heritage impact assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning permission. The locally listed 'Forge' located on site is to be protected.
    • A condition relating to a contamination investigation will need to be attached to any planning permission.

Mill Farm Field, Somerleyton

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Residential development

7.50 The site (1.9 hectares) is located in the central part of Somerleyton. The land is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Station Road.

7.51 Development of this site is likely to have the most minimal impact on the character of the village and setting of listed buildings compared to other possible sites for development in the village. The land is well related to existing development and has good access to existing community facilities. Landscaping will be required to preserve the open character of the area and contribute towards integrating new dwellings into the existing settlement.

7.52 Given the location of the site within the village on the edge of the conservation area and adjacent to the Somerleyton Estate Historic Park and Garden, the design of development on this site needs to be exceptional. Scheme and dwelling design should be innovative and reflect the historical quality and aspirations of the village but preferably expressed in a modern context. Design should therefore be innovative but reflective of the historical character and should not necessarily be a pastiche of past styles. It should provide evidence of a progression of design ideas and styles which document the village's history and development.

7.53 The north part of the site contributes towards the conservation area and the setting of several listed buildings. The combination of woods, open space, countryside and agricultural buildings contribute towards the openness and rural setting of Somerleyton. The north part of the site is to be set out as open space that provides a sense of openness but includes a well conceived landscaping scheme to complement the wooded area to the east and existing trees on the open space adjacent to the west. To positively contribute towards the setting of the open space and integrate the development into the village, dwellings along the north boundary should be designed to have their primary frontage facing onto the open space.

7.54 Any scheme should be designed to provide a mix of property sizes and tenures that can meet local housing need. Therefore, the majority of new dwellings on the site will be of a scale which is reflective of the terraced properties located along Station Road and the Morton Peto cottages along The Street with similar sized back gardens. This can be provided through a mix of detached, semi-detached and terraced properties.

7.55 To minimise the impact on the Somerleyton Estate Historic Park and Garden, properties on the east side of the site should be no higher than 1.5 storeys. This will protect the conservation area, character of the village and enhance the green infrastructure network in the village and biodiversity.

7.56 The village hall, primary school and public house are within walking distance and connected by existing footways. There is no footway along Station Road where the main recreation space and railway station are located. The footway should be extended from The Street to the entrance of the site and ideally to the recreation ground. To improve connectively to the primary school, the site should be designed to have pedestrian and cycle access through the proposed open space to the north of the site to connect the development to The Street.

7.57 The site has a high potential for archaeology and any planning application must be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts. The site contains two ring ditches in the north east of the site, recorded from aerial photography, which are likely to be prehistoric burial monuments.

Policy WLP7.6 - Mill Farm Field, Somerleyton

Land at Mill Farm Field, Somerleyton (1.9 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 35 dwellings and open space.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

  • The residential part of the site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
  • The open space on site is to be no less than 0.2 hectares.
  • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes. The priority is for two and three bedroom dwellings that reflect the residential character of properties located in the area to the north.
  • Properties must be of an exceptional design. Proposals that use standardised designs which are not distinctive and fail to provide any reference to the existing character of the village will not be supported.
  • The majority of housing is to be of a scale which reflects the terraced housing located west of the ah site along Station Road and of the Morton Peto cottages found elsewhere in the village.
  • A public right of way is to be provided in the south west part of the site to enable pedestrian and cycle access to Station Road.
  • The north part of the site, land opposite Morton Peto Close across to The Street is to be designed as a open space that is well related to its surroundings and makes a positive contribution to the village. Properties must be designed to have their primary frontages facing onto the open space. Landscaping, including tree planting that complements existing trees located to the east and west and providing a sense of openness to complement the open character of the farm opposite, will be required.
  • A public right of way is to be provided in the east part of the open space to connect the development to The Street.
  • Hedgerows and trees on site should be protected where possible.
  • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
  • A landscaping and tree planting scheme is required to screen the development along the east boundary.
  • Any planning application is to be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.
  • A heritage impact assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

A design code/brief should be prepared for the site either as part of a Neighbourhood Plan or as a Supplementary Planning Document. The Neighbourhood Plan has one year from the adoption of the Local Plan to provide a design code/brief for the site before Waveney District Council produces a Supplementary Planning Document. No development will be permitted on the site until either a design code/brief or Supplementary Planning Document has been prepared.

Wangford Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

591

Primary school

No

GP surgery

Yes

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

345

Food shop

Yes

Post office

Yes

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 23

7.58 Wangford is located on the A12 and has good access to Lowestoft, Southwold and Halesworth. The main limitation in the village is the lack of a primary school. Public transport connects people with larger service centres where additional facilities are available and acts to support the tourism offer in Southwold. Wangford provides a good base for visitors to the area to explore the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Heritage Coast and the surrounding countryside.

7.59 The village skyline is dominated by St Peter and St Paul's Church and is complemented by other protected buildings reflecting its heritage and location on the historical London to Great Yarmouth road. A conservation area covers a large part of the village.

7.60 Wangford is set within the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The River Wang runs to the west of the village where a significant amount of land is also designated as County Wildlife Sites.

7.61 The strategy for Wangford is to enable a limited amount of housing development to support people in the village with a variety of housing tenures and types while not compromising the village's setting within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

7.62 To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required.

Land North of Elms Lane, Wangford

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Residential development

7.63 The site (0.89 hectares) is located north east of the village and is an extension of the existing built up area. The land is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Elms Lane. The site is located within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and close to the conservation area.

7.64 This site is considered to have only a limited impact on the character of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is unlikely to have a significant adverse impact on heritage assets in the vicinity. There is good access to facilities in the village and a small development will support the community which has experienced little development in recent years. However, any planning application should be supported by a Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment to assess the impacts on the landscape and the natural beauty and special qualities of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

7.65 There are views of the open countryside when heading north along Elms Lane from the built up area. Framed within these views are a number of listed buildings. Dwellings should therefore be of a smaller scale and on the eastern edge of the site, no higher than 1.5 storeys. A landscaping scheme, informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008), Great Yarmouth and Waveney Settlement Fringe Landscape Sensitivity Study (2016) and the completed Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, will need to be submitted with any planning application.

7.66 Elms Lane is narrow and there is limited opportunity to extend the pedestrian network along the road. Any development proposal should include a footway network that enables safe access to the footway along the south side of Elms Lane.

7.67 The site has a high potential for archaeology and any planning approval will include a condition requiring the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.

7.68 The site contains a strategic trunk water main close to the west and north boundaries of the site. Developers are advised to divert the pipe or ensure that any structures are located at least 3 metres from the pipe.

Policy WLP7.7 - Land North of Elms Lane, Wangford

Land north of Elms Lane, Wangford (0.89 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 16 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes. The priority is for smaller two and three bedroom dwellings.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the site boundaries should be protected and reinforced where possible.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • Any planning application should be supported by a Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment that identifies the impact on the wider landscape and the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and conservation area, and any necessary mitigation works.
    • A landscaping scheme, informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008), Great Yarmouth and Waveney Settlement Fringe Landscape Sensitivity Study (2016) and the completed Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, will be required. Hedgerow and tree planting along the east boundary of the site should be provided to connect existing hedgerows either side of the site and provide screening from the open countryside to the north east.

Wrentham Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

966

Primary school

No

GP surgery

Yes

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

484

Food shop

Yes

Post office

Yes

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 24

7.69 The village is located on the A12 between Lowestoft and Southwold and has historically expanded along the road network, creating a built up area characterised by development branching out from the village centre.

7.70 The historical development of Wrentham is reflected in the number of listed buildings and the conservation area in the village.

7.71 Public transport connects the village to larger service centres.

7.72 Wrentham is rural in character and lies just to the west of the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The Wren River stretches through the village north to south creating an area at risk from flooding along its length.

7.73 The strategy for Wrentham is to allow for a reasonable level of growth to help support the shops and services in the village. A mix of housing types and tenures will provide choice in the market and enable new housing to meet the needs of the community.

7.74 To support growth in Wrentham localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required. Currently, Wrentham is within the catchment of Reydon Primary School. However, with the growth allocated to Reydon, it is unlikely there will be capacity to accommodate the growth from Wrentham as well. It is likely therefore that children from the new developments will travel to primary schools in either Brampton or Kessingland. New development will also help deliver improvements to tennis courts in Wrentham and improvements to the playing field as identified in the Playing Pitch Assessment (2014).

Land North of Chapel Road, Wrentham

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Residential development and open space

7.75 The site (4.82 hectares) is located at the north west periphery of the village. The site is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Chapel Road. The site is located within the setting of the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

7.76 The site is reasonably contained in the wider landscape by existing development to the north, east and south and is unlikely to significantly affect the open character and setting of the village. The site provides an opportunity to deliver a variety of housing types and tenures in a location that has good access to the strategic road network and facilities in the village centre.

7.77 There is an equipped play area located to the south at the end of Bonsey Gardens. The facility lies some distance from the site, is poorly overlooked, requires improvement and is not suitable to provide for the needs of the proposed development. Therefore a recreation area should be provided that is well designed and integrated into the residential surroundings to positively contribute towards the perception of the development and provide a focal point in the area. To be an attractive destination and provide greater value to the area, the open space should include an equipped play area equivalent to a neighbourhood equipped area for play and an ancillary open space to support natural play and be used for informal and amenity uses. The open space should be located towards the south of the site so it can also benefit the existing community.

7.78 The site is closely related to the conservation area that stretches along Priory Road to the north of the site and along the High Street to the east of the site. Several heritage assets are located along Priory Road to the north including Priory Farm, The Priory and several locally listed buildings. These have prominent rear frontages and views from the north across the site. To preserve their setting, development to the north of the site should be restricted. Landscaping along this boundary, informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008), Great Yarmouth and Waveney Settlement Fringe Landscape Sensitivity Study (2016) and a completed Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, will contribute towards mitigating potential impact on these properties. The northern edge of the site is also at risk from flooding. Paddocks located immediately east of the site contribute towards the setting of existing residential properties and create a sense of openness in the area. These paddocks are to be preserved and any development should be designed innovatively to make use of this setting. The landscape to the west has a more open character and to minimise the impact on the landscape dwellings along this boundary should be no higher than 1.5 storeys.

7.79 The edges of the site are used as informal pedestrian footways. These should be protected and incorporated into the development as much as possible to maintain connections to the existing residential areas.

7.80 The site has potential for archaeology and any planning application must be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation.

Policy WLP7.8 - Land North of Chapel Road, Wrentham

Land north of Chapel Road, Wrentham (4.82 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 60 dwellings and open space.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The residential part of the site will be developed at a density of approximately 30 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes including single and two storey dwellings.
    • Dwellings in the north part of the site and along the west boundary should be no higher than 1.5 storeys.
    • Any planning application should be supported by a Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment that identifies the impact on the wider landscape and the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and conservation area, and any necessary mitigation works.
    • Low density development is to be supported with a landscaping scheme to provide openness on site and provide screening along the north and west boundaries of the site. This landscaping scheme should be informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008), Great Yarmouth and Waveney Settlement Fringe Landscape Sensitivity Study (2016) and the completed Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment.
    • An equipped play area equivalent to a neighbourhood equipped area for play and ancillary open space for amenity use will be provided of a size not less than 0.5 hectares. The ancillary open space should have landscaping that lends itself to natural and informal forms of play.
    • The public open space is to be located at the south side of the site and designed to have street frontages on three sides ideally being on a corner plot.
    • Existing informal pedestrian footways should be protected and incorporated into development where possible.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the site boundaries should be protected and reinforced where possible.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • A footway along the frontage of the site with Chapel Road should be provided.
    • A Transport Statement should be submitted with any planning application.
    • Any planning application should include the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.

Smaller Villages

Figure 25 - Total number of homesplanned for in each smaller village

figure 25

Smaller Village

Housing completions and planning permissions2014-2017

Number of homes allocated in the Local Plan

Brampton

13*

58

Homersfield

0

0

Ilketshall St Lawrence

2

25

Lound

4

10

Mutford

2

6

Ringsfield

4

30

Rumburgh

0

10

Willingham (Shadingfield and Willingham St Mary)

0

10

Westhall

1

18

Wissett

3

0

© Crown copyright [and database rights] 2019 OS100042052

*Includes 6 homes permitted in November 2017 given the effect this has on total delivery over the plan period.

Brampton with Stoven Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

427

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

No

Public house

No

Dwellings

190

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       


figure 26

7.81 The parish of Brampton with Stoven is set in the countryside in the central area of the District. A dispersed pattern of development characterises the area with the largest settlement located at the junction of Southwold Road and the A145. Smaller clusters are located around Moll's Lane, the railway station and along Southwold Road.

7.82 The settlement located on Southwold Road has a primary school and a village hall, however, the latter is separated from the residential area by the A145 and no pedestrian crossing is provided. Other than the railway station there are no services or facilities located in the other settlement clusters and access to these is limited by the narrow road network. A bus route connects the Southwold Road area to Beccles and Southwold.

7.83 The strategy for Brampton is to focus development on the Southwold Road/A145 area. The dispersed nature of facilities in the existing village does not create a community focal point and makes a limited contribution towards the identity of the village. New residential development will facilitate the delivery of a community facility including a replacement village hall, equipped play area, small playing pitch and additional parking to support the primary school. New dwellings will consist of a variety of housing types and tenures to meet local housing need.

7.84 To support new development in the village and surrounding villages the Brampton Primary School will need to expand by at least 12 places. Localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required. Development could be supported with improved parking facilities at Brampton railway station to encourage park and ride journeys.

Land South of Southwold Road, Brampton

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Mixed use including residential development, village hall and open space

7.85 The site (3.04 hectares) is located on the south east fringe of the village. The site is greenfield and used for agriculture. Access can be obtained from Southwold Road.

7.86 The site is considered to offer the best opportunity to provide housing in the area and assist with the delivery of community facilities that are well related to the local residents. Consideration should be given towards the setting of The Old Rectory, Brampton Hall and the Church of St. Peter which are all located in the local area. However, if designed with a good landscaping scheme, the site is relatively contained in the wider landscape and can be brought forward without having any significant adverse impacts. The site has good access to the A145 which connects the village to Beccles and larger service centres further afield. A limited bus service connects the village to Beccles and Southwold and bus stops are connected by public footway to the site.

7.87 The existing village hall is located to the west of the residential area and is separated by the A145. No safe crossing is provided. Adjacent the village hall is the Brampton Bowls Club and an amenity green space. The location of these facilities has created a settlement that is devoid of a facility that can function as a community focal point in a location that is well related to the residential area and easy to access for residents. The intention of the allocation is for the residential development to facilitate delivery of a replacement village hall, an equipped play area and a playing pitch. In one location, these complementary facilities can help create a hub in the village for indoor and outdoor activities.

7.88 Opposite the site is Brampton Primary School. Development of the site will be required to provide footways which connect new dwellings to the recreational facility and enable safe crossing to the school. The footway should also be extended along Southwold Road to connect the site to the existing development.

7.89 By the nature of its rural location, the school has a large catchment. Many pupils are driven by their parents from surrounding villages creating issues with temporary car parking in the vicinity of the primary school. A parking area associated with the village hall could provide a solution, if designed with a turnaround area as part of the scheme, to improve road safety.

7.90 The open space required on the site will be a significant community resource and its design should reflect this. Any scheme should be designed so the village hall and the residential properties face onto the equipped play area and playing field. This will provide natural surveillance of the site. To help integrate the community facility with the existing village, one of the open space frontages should face onto Southwold Road.

7.91 There is a risk new development could create a prominent and exposed settlement edge that could adversely affect the rural character of the village. Any scheme should be designed to have a landscaping and tree planting scheme that will integrate the development into the surrounding countryside and retain the rural character of the area. Any planting scheme should be designed to utilise existing hedgerows and trees that define the historical field boundary patterns and enhance habitats that support biodiversity.

7.92 An underground sewerage pipe traverses the west part of the site while overhead telephone cables are also present. Discussions should be had with stakeholders to identify if there are any issues that need to be mitigated. Figure 27 shows how the uses on the site should be laid out.

Figure 27 - Land south of Southwold Road, Brampton indicative masterplan

figure 27

Policy WLP7.9 - Land South of Southwold Road, Brampton

Land south of Southwold Road, Brampton (3.04 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for mixed use development including approximately 50 dwellings, replacement village hall and recreational open space.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The residential part of the site will take no more than 2.0 hectares of the site area and be developed at a density of approximately 25 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to provide a mix of housing types and sizes.
    • A village hall will be provided on the site. This is to be located near the primary school. As part of the car park design, a turning area should be provided that can be shared with the primary school. Covered cycle parking facilities should be provided. Car parking provided on site is not to exceed 24 spaces.
    • An open space of not less than 0.8 hectares is to be provided on site. This will include an equipped play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play and an area that can be used as a playing pitch and support informal activities. The open space should be adjacent the village hall and be designed to have residential properties facing onto it. The open space and village hall area should be designed to have three primary street frontages including good visibility from Southwold Road.
    • A footway should be extended along Southwold Road to connect the site to the existing development to the west.
    • The farm access to the agricultural land located at the north east of the site from Southwold Road is to be retained.
    • Hedgerows and trees along the boundary should be protected where possible. A landscaping and tree planting scheme will be required along the south and east boundaries of the site.
    • A Transport Statement should be submitted with any planning application.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • A comprehensive masterplan based on the indicative masterplan in Figure 27, including the various components of the site allocation, should be submitted as part of any planning application. Appropriate delivery mechanisms and triggers will need to be agreed with the Council to ensure the comprehensive development of the site.
    • The public open space land, comprising of an equipped play area, playing field and amenity green space, the village hall setting and car park land shall be secured through a Section 106 planning obligation. The equipped play areas shall be funded through a Section 106 planning obligation and the footpath along the south side of Southwold Road shall be secured by and funded through a Section 106 planning obligation and/or a Section 278 Agreement.

Land at Toodley Farm, Station Road, Brampton

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Residential development

7.93 The site (0.55 hectares) is located west of Brampton railway station in the central area of the District. The site can be accessed from Station Road.

7.94 The site is in a rural location with limited access to services and facilities. The site is positioned within walking distance of Brampton railway station where train services provide access to Beccles and Halesworth and further afield Lowestoft and Ipswich. A bus service operates between Beccles and Southwold and stops are located close to the site on Station Road. This provides a choice of transport modes for residents and contributes towards rural sustainability. There is currently demand for self build plots in the District especially in the countryside. Given this is very close to the rail station it could provide an opportunity to accommodate some of this demand in a reasonably sustainable location.

7.95 The railway station could be enhanced with improvements to the car park to encourage people to use the station from the surrounding rural area.

7.96 The site is partly contained within the landscape by residential development to the north and east. The site is partially screened by a farm building adjacent to the north west of the site but to the south and west the site is exposed to the open countryside. Landscaping will be required to integrate the development into the rural surroundings. West of the site is Shingle Hall which is Grade II listed. This side of the site is exposed and landscaping and tree planting should be used to mitigate potential impact on views from the Hall. An ecological assessment will be required as part of a planning application which will identify any species and habitats that will need to be protected, including Great Crested Newts that are known to be present in the surrounding nearby area.

Policy WLP7.10 - Land at Toodley Farm, Station Road, Brampton

Land at Toodley Farm, Station Road, Brampton (0.55 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 8 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • Trees located along the street frontage should be protected where possible.
    • Landscaping and tree planting will be required along the west and south boundary.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Homersfield Strategy

Population

158

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

72

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

No

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

7.97 Homersfield is a small village in the north west of the District.

7.98 The village is set within the water meadows of the River Waveney and has a wealth of heritage assets and a conservation area. Much of the area is within a flood zone which together with the sensitive historic environment means there is little potential for new development in the village. The main strategy for the village will be to protect and enhance the historic environment through the application of Policies WLP8.37, WLP8.38, WLP8.39.

Ilketshall St Lawrence and Spexhall Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

350

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

171

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

No

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 28

7.99 Ilketshall St Lawrence is of rural character with the A144 dividing the built up area creating two distinct residential areas on either side of the road. Some of the built up area also falls within Spexhall parish. Residents have access to a primary school, village hall, public house and playing field. The primary service centre in the area is Halesworth while public transport provides access to Beccles, Bungay, Halesworth and Southwold.

7.100 The strategy for Ilketshall St Lawrence is to deliver residential properties to provide a mix of housing tenures needed in the area to consolidate the village and avoid the sense of ribbon development along the A144. New development will support the primary school and benefit from good road access to Halesworth and Bungay.

7.101 To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required and the primary school will need to expand.

Land South of Hogg Lane, Ilketshall St Lawrence

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Residential development

7.102 The site (1.76 hectares) is located east of the existing village and will form an extension of the existing built up area. The site is currently used for agriculture and can be accessed from Hogg Lane.

7.103 The site has good access to the main road network and residents are within walking distance of the primary school and a bus stop without having to cross the A144. The site is well related to the existing built up area and will not create a sense of ribbon development.

7.104 The village is characterised by low density development and the adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 14 dwellings per hectare. Considering this, development on this site should have a density reflecting the average plot sizes of the surrounding area. This will enable a scheme to be designed that is in keeping with the size of the village and the rural character which presides in the area. A landscape scheme within the residential area to provide a sense of openness and complement the rural setting should be created.

7.105 There is no public play space in the village to support the community. An equipped play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play or a locally landscaped area for play would support the development and have wider community benefits. The type of open space should be decided through discussions with the local community to identify how best to meet the needs in the village.

7.106 The site is partly contained within the landscape by development to the west and existing hedgerows and trees around the site. To reduce the potential for creating a prominent settlement edge facing into the open countryside, a landscaping scheme will be required. Existing hedgerows along the boundary of the site should be protected and reinforced where possible to fit in with the small scale surrounding field pattern.

7.107 The agricultural fields located south of the site remain in use. Access to these fields is gained from a farm access off Hogg Lane located along the north boundary of the site. Provision will need to be made to ensure this access is retained to support the existing farm.

Policy WLP7.11 - Land South of Hogg Lane, Ilketshall St Lawrence

Land south of Hogg Lane, Ilketshall St Lawrence (1.76 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 25 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal is to provide a mix of housing sizes.
    • The footway will need to be extended along Hogg Lane and connect into the pedestrian network serving the development.
    • The existing farm access off Hogg Lane is to be protected.
    • A play space equivalent to a local equipped area for play of 0.4 hectares is to be provided on site.
    • Any proposal should be designed to include landscaping within the site and around the east and south boundaries. Existing hedgerows and trees located along the boundaries of the site should be protected and reinforced with additional planting where possible. A landscaping scheme will be required to support any planning application.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Lound Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

359

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

154

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 29

7.108 Lound is a small village of linear character. The settlement is strongly influenced by its rural surroundings with the church being the dominant landmark. The pond opposite the Village Maid public house contributes to the setting and character at the north end of the settlement. The location of the village enables good vehicular access to services and facilities in Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth while Blundeston is located a couple miles to the south. Community facilities in the village include a village hall, public house, café, amenity green space and a bowling green. The village is primarily reliant on services and facilities available in Lowestoft and Gorleston, however cycle routes to larger settlements in the area are relatively poor.

7.109 The strategy for Lound is to enable a limited amount of development to retain the existing level of population of the village in order to support local services without compromising the village's rural character. Residents in the area will be supported by employment development in north Lowestoft while the village is well positioned for residents of working age to benefit from investment and growth in the Great Yarmouth area. To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required.

Land East of The Street, Lound

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Residential development

7.110 The site (0.43 hectares) between The Street and Millennium Green is located in the south of Lound. The land is fallow and can be accessed from The Street.

7.111 The site is small and provides an opportunity to provide a limited number of dwellings in keeping with the scale and character of the village. Compared to other areas adjacent to the village the site is well related to the existing built up area and contained within the landscape. A quality designed scheme will allow the housing to be well related to the historical environment and support the limited facilities in the village.

7.112 The village is characterised by older, smaller and more traditional terraced properties with larger terraced properties having been built at a later date. Nearer the site recent development has included larger detached and semi-detached properties that are incompatible with the historical development pattern and character of the village. The site is narrow and to make best use of the site and consolidate the residential area a linear development extending away from The Street is considered appropriate.

7.113 Within the village there are issues related to on-street car parking which has an adverse impact on amenity and the character of the village. To ensure this is not exacerbated, any development will need to provide adequate car parking that does not require vehicles to park on The Street.

7.114 The site is contained within the landscape by residential development to the north and west, St John the Baptist Church to the south east and Millennium Green bounds the south side of the site. Hedgerows flank the east boundary which provides amenity to the surroundings. These hedgerows form part of the green infrastructure network providing habitat to support biodiversity along the public right of way between Church Lane and Blacksmith's Loke.

7.115 The St John the Baptist Church located to the south east is Grade II* listed. A heritage impact assessment will need to be undertaken to identify potential impact on the listed building and its setting and include mitigation measures that may be required.

7.116 The site is in an area of high archaeological sensitivity and potential. An archaeological field evaluation will be required at an appropriate design stage prior to the granting of any planning permission to allow for preservation in situ, where appropriate, of any sites of importance that might be defined (and which are currently unknown) and to allow archaeological preservation or mitigation strategies to be designed.

Policy WLP7.12 - Land East of The Street, Lound

Land east of The Street, Lound (0.43 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 10 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 22 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal should be designed to reflect the older character of the village north of the site along The Street.
    • Dwellings nearest The Street should be set back from the road. The frontage should be approximately in line with the rear elevation of the dwelling adjacent the north of the site. Properties should have frontages that face onto Millennium Green located to the south.
    • Car parking should be provided on-plot.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the east boundary and the public right of way should be protected.
    • A landscaping scheme will be required along the north boundary of the site.
    • A heritage impact assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application. Any scheme will need to be designed to mitigate impact on the setting of St John the Baptist Church.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • Any planning application is to be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.

Mutford Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

471

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

No

Dwellings

216

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 30

7.117 Within the parish of Mutford there are three distinct clusters of residential development, Chapel Road, Church Road and Hulver Road. Each is characterised by its rural setting with the south part of the village located within the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Community facilities are available in the Chapel Road area and consist of a village hall, equipped play area, playing field and a tennis court.

7.118 The Chapel Road and Church Street settlement clusters are most closely related to Carlton Colville where services and facilities are available, while the Hulver Road area also has good access to the B1127 providing connections to Beccles. With no public transport available, all residents are reliant on private vehicles to access services and facilities.

7.119 A limited amount of residential development is to take place in the Chapel Road area that will not significantly extend into the surrounding countryside, retaining the character of the village. This will help maintain the population of the village and help support local services and facilities. To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required.

Land North of Chapel Road, Mutford

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Residential development

7.120 The site (0.32 hectares) is located on the east fringe of the residential cluster based around Chapel Road and Mill Road in the setting of the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The land is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Chapel Road.

7.121 The site will enable a small number of dwellings to be provided in a location that is contained in the landscape and well related to existing development on Chapel Road. The site has good access to community facilities on Mill Road.

7.122 The residential area opposite has a housing density of approximately 15 dwellings per hectare. Dwellings located in the area to the west are characterised by a mix of two storey dwellings and single storey bungalows with large sized plots relative to the footprint size of the buildings. North of the site there are two storey semi-detached dwellings and adjacent the south boundary of the site is a 1.5 storey dwelling and some agricultural buildings. Dwelling frontages are set back from the road and off-street parking is provided.

7.123 To the east, south and west the site is contained within the landscape by existing development. The site is exposed to the open countryside to the north and is located in the setting of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. To integrate development into the surroundings, landscaping such as tree planting will be required to reduce the likelihood of creating a prominent settlement edge. This should be informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008) and an appropriate appraisal of the landscape. Along the street frontage hedgerows should be protected except where needed for the provision of access.

7.124 The site has a high potential for archaeology and any planning application must be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.

Policy WLP7.13 - Land North of Chapel Road, Mutford

Land north of Chapel Road, Mutford (0.32 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 6 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Development should consist of 3 pairs of semi-detached dwellings.
    • Car parking should be provided on-plot to the side of the dwellings.
    • Hedgerows along the front of the site should be protected except where their removal is required for access drives.
    • A landscaping scheme, informed by the Waveney District Landscape Character Assessment (2008) and an appropriate appraisal of the landscape, should be prepared to integrate the site within the landscape.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • Any planning application must be supported by the results of a programme of archaeological evaluation, including appropriate fieldwork, and should demonstrate the impacts of development on archaeological remains and proposals for managing those impacts.

Ringsfield Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

323

Primary school

Yes

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

137

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 31

7.125 Ringsfield is located to the south west of Beccles. The area is characterised by its rural setting and flat open fields that surround the village. Within the settlement there is a primary school, village hall, public house and an equipped play area alongside the playing field. The village is located close to Beccles which provides an array of services and facilities which are accessible using public transport and a good road network in the vicinity.

7.126 The strategy for Ringsfield is to enable development which supports the existing services and facilities in the village and which reflects the character of the area. A mix of housing tenures will enable choice in the market and help meet any local housing needs. Future development in the south of Beccles and employment in the Ellough area will provide employment opportunities for people living in the wider area.

7.127 To accommodate the new development planned in Ringsfield, the Ringsfield Primary School will need to expand by at least 5 places. Localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will also be required. New development will be able to support improvements to and refurbishment work to the Ringsfield Village Hall. New development will also help deliver improvements to the village's tennis courts and improvements to the playing field as identified in the Playing Pitch Assessment (2014).

Land North of School Road, Ringsfield

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Residential development

7.128 The site (2.56 hectares) is located at the west end of the village. The site is used for agriculture and can be accessed from School Road.

7.129 This is the only site proposed in Ringsfield and provides an opportunity to deliver new housing to support the community. The potential for development to have an adverse impact on the landscape and character of the settlement is low. The site is well connected to the road network and a regular bus service provides access to Beccles where services and facilities are available. The bus stops are accessible by public footway. The site is located opposite the primary school and community facilities including the village hall, public house, sports pitch facilities and equipped play area are within walking distance.

7.130 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 15 dwellings per hectare. There should be a good mix of dwelling sizes on the site including terraced, semi-detached and detached properties. All properties should have generous front and back gardens, and space should be provided for landscaping on street frontages.

7.131 The school's rural location means many pupils are driven in by car. As such, car parking and congestion has become a serious issue in the area during school drop-off and pick-up times. This site provides an opportunity to deliver car parking opposite the primary school to help mitigate these issues.

7.132 A footpath should connect this site to the existing development north of School Road.

7.133 The site is exposed to the open countryside along its north and west boundaries. There are low level hedgerows along these boundaries but these are fragmented in places. New development could create a prominent and exposed settlement edge adversely affecting the rural surroundings. New development should therefore be integrated into the countryside using a quality landscaping scheme to reinforce existing hedgerows and use tree planting along the north boundary to enhance the existing wooded area located east of the site. This will provide screening and improve connectivity within the green infrastructure network and benefit biodiversity.

Policy WLP7.14 - Land North of School Road, Ringsfield

Land north of School Road, Ringsfield (2.56 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 30 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Any proposal is to provide a mix of housing sizes and types.
    • A landscaped car park of at least 24 spaces must be provided on the site opposite the primary school. The car park should be secured and funded through a Section 106 planning obligation.
    • The footway on the north side of School Road should be extended to connect the site to the existing development.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the north and west boundaries should be protected and reinforced with additional planting. A landscaping scheme will be required to support any planning application.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Rumburgh Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

327

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

131

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 32

7.134 Rumburgh is a small rural community located in the west of the District, an area characterised by small dispersed settlements and a strong rural character. The settlement is focused around two areas linked by linear development along The Street. The larger of the two areas supports a public house and an equipped play area while a cricket pitch is located south of the village. These facilities support nearby communities in a relatively quiet part of the District.

7.135 A limited amount of residential development in Rumburgh will help maintain the population of the village and support the local public house. To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required.

Land East of Mill Road, Rumburgh

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Residential development

7.136 The site (1.40 hectares) is located in the west part of the village. The site is used for agriculture and can be accessed from The Street and Mill Road.

7.137 This is the only allocation in Rumburgh. The west part of the village is very rural in character and low levels of development are expected to come forward during the plan period. This site provides an opportunity to deliver a limited amount of housing in a rural location which will help consolidate the village and provide a central amenity area to complement the playing field.

7.138 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 10 dwellings per hectare. The rural location and size of the village means that a similar density should be achieved on this site. This lower density should not be achieved at the expense of the provision of smaller properties on the site. Dwelling frontages should follow The Street and Mill Road and footpaths should be provided along these frontages. Adequate space should be given to landscaping and front and rear gardens. Landscaping should retain the sense of openness in this part of the village and include the provision of an amenity space in the north west corner of the site, at a prominent road junction. Adjacent the north east corner of the recreation area are the Pleasure Ground Cottages. These buildings are Grade II listed. While most of the development in the immediate surroundings is modern the recreation area contributes towards the setting of these listed buildings. Open space on the north west corner of the site will therefore further benefit the setting of the area and the village more generally.

7.139 The site is exposed to the east. To reduce the potential for a prominent settlement edge exposed to the open countryside a landscaping scheme will be required. Hedgerows are present along the boundaries of the site and should be protected and reinforced where possible. This will help retain the low density rural character of the village.

Policy WLP7.15 - Land East of Mill Road, Rumburgh

Land east of Mill Road, Rumburgh (1.40 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 10 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density that is appropriate for the local surrounding area.
    • Any proposal is to provide a mix of housing sizes and types.
    • The frontages of the dwellings should follow The Street and Mill Road. Footpaths should be provided along these frontages.
    • Any proposal should be designed to include a landscaped amenity space at the north west of the site fronting onto the road opposite the existing play area. This is to be supported with landscaping within the site.
    • Where possible, hedgerows and trees located along the boundaries of the site should be protected and reinforced with additional planting where possible. A landscaping scheme will be required to support any planning application.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Willingham ( Shadingfield and Willingham St Mary)  Strategy and Site Allocations

Population

330

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

135

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 33

7.140 Willingham lies within the parishes of both Shadingfield and Willingham St Mary. It is situated in the open countryside and located on the A145 providing connections to Beccles, the primary service centre for the village. The A145 divides the village in two with the village hall on one side and recreational facilities on the other. Existing facilities in the village include a village hall, public house, basic equipped play area and a playing field. A limited bus service is available and the nearest railway station (Brampton) is located approximately two miles to the west.

7.141 The strategy for the village is to provide a limited amount of development as well as a mix of housing types to retain the social structure in the village. Development will be contained within the surrounding landscape and reflect the character of the existing built up area.

7.142 To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required. An extension to the primary school in Brampton will accommodate children from the new development.

Land East of Woodfield Close, Willingham

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Residential development

7.143 The site (0.57 hectares) is located east of the existing built up area. The site is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Woodfield Close.

7.144 The site is well contained within the landscape and is well related to the existing built up area. A bus stop is located nearby and community facilities are within walking distance. The site is suitable for small scale development in an attractive setting. Compared to other potential sites in the village, development at this location will not adversely affect the character of the settlement and has potential to deliver a small number of dwellings to support the community.

7.145 The site is elongated and well contained by its surroundings. A scheme should be designed to ensure it is not isolated from the village. The most appropriate access to the site is from Woodfield Close, however, any scheme design will need to consider how the dwelling(s) located at the northern end relate to Sotterley Road.

7.146 Woodfield Close is a shared surface with no footways. The existing pedestrian network extends along Sotterley Road and connects to Woodfield Close. To improve access to the site the footway along Sotterley Road should be extended.

Policy WLP7.16 - Land East of Woodfield Close, Willingham

Land east of Woodfield Close, Willingham (0.57 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 10 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

  • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
  • Any proposal is to provide a mix of housing sizes. The size of the building footprint relative to the size of the plot should reflect development located to the north.
  • A landscaping scheme should be prepared to integrate the site within the landscape.
  • A footway will be required to connect the development to the existing pedestrian network along Sotterley Road.
  • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.

Westhall Strategy and Site Allocations

 

Population

342

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

165

Food shop

Yes

Post office

Yes

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

figure 34

7.147 Westhall is centrally located in the District and is characterised by the surrounding countryside. The village has experienced limited development in recent years and is constrained by its existing infrastructure.

7.148 Existing community facilities include a village hall, shop, post office, equipped play area and a playing field. The public house located in the village is currently closed and for sale. Larger service centres with services and facilities are located several miles in each direction with connections provided along the A145 to Beccles and to Bungay and Halesworth via the A144. A bus service links the village with Beccles and Halesworth and Brampton railway station is located a mile to the north which provides connections to Lowestoft and Ipswich.

7.149 Development at a density in keeping with the character of the existing built up area will support facilities within the village and provide housing tenures required to meet housing need in the community. To accommodate growth in the village localised improvements to the foul sewerage network will be required.

Land West of Lock's Road, Westhall

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Residential development

7.150 The site (0.97 hectares) is located in the east part of the village. The land is used for agriculture and can be accessed from Lock's Road.

7.151 The site is well related to the existing built up area. There is good access to the site. It is adjacent the village recreation area and reasonably contained within the wider landscape. The allocation is of a density that reflects the rest of the village and will provide new housing to support a rural community where little development has taken place in recent years.

7.152 The adjacent residential area has a housing density of approximately 17 dwellings per hectare. This part of the village is characterised by two storey terraced and semi-detached dwellings facing north and west. Development on this site should reflect the density, scale and massing of surrounding development. The village is rural in character and this contributes towards the setting of many of the existing dwellings. Over development of the site would be inappropriate and potentially have an adverse impact on this rural character. Low density development is reflective of the infrastructure constraints including water, sewerage and broadband that exist in the village.

7.153 The village hall, allotments and the recreation ground are located adjacent to the site. The recreation ground is not well overlooked by residential properties and new development provides an opportunity to improve natural surveillance of the site and enhance its relationship with the surrounding residential area. Properties should be designed to face onto the recreation ground.

7.154 Development will be exposed to the open countryside when viewed from the north and there is potential for a prominent and exposed settlement edge to be created if a scheme is not supported with a quality landscaping scheme. Any scheme will be required to have a landscaping scheme that protects existing hedgerows and uses hedgerow reinforcement and tree planting to provide screening and integrate the site into the rural surroundings.

Policy WLP7.17 - Land West of Lock's Road, Westhall

Land west of Lock's Road, Westhall (0.97 hectares) as identified on the Policies Map is allocated for a residential development of approximately 18 dwellings.

The site should be developed in accordance with the following site specific criteria:

    • The site will be developed at a density of approximately 20 dwellings per hectare.
    • Dwellings should be of a scale and have a plot size reflective of existing properties located on Wangford Road and Lock's Road.
    • Any scheme is to be designed to have residential properties facing onto the recreation ground located to the west of the site.
    • Hedgerows and trees located along the site boundaries should be protected and reinforced where possible. A landscaping scheme will be required to provide screening along the north east boundary of the site.
    • A completed ecological assessment undertaken by a suitably qualified person will be required as part of any planning application.
    • A planning application will need to be supported by a surface water drainage strategy.

Wissett Strategy

Population

268

Primary school

No

GP surgery

No

Public house

Yes

Dwellings

131

Food shop

No

Post office

No

Meeting place

Yes

Census 2011

 

As at September 2016

       

7.155 Wissett is a small village west of Halesworth. The village benefits from a number of heritage assets and a conservation area. The village is supported by a village hall and public house. However, there is limited potential for the village to expand. Much of the land to the south of the village is at risk from flooding and there are limited other possibilities for growth which would not result in ribbon development along The Street. However, there may be scope for some infill development within the village throughout the lifetime of the Local Plan.