Waveney Local Plan

Infrastructure

1.31 The provision of new and improved infrastructure is essential to ensure the growth planned in the District is sustainable. Infrastructure includes a wide range of facilities and services including schools, medical facilities, community facilities, open space, roads, railways, cycle paths and flood defences.

1.32 New growth can place extra pressure on existing infrastructure and create a need for new services and facilities.

1.33 The Council has produced a number of evidence bases to support the Local Plan, including:

  • Draft infrastructure study which assessed what infrastructure is needed to support the growth outlined in the Local Plan.
  • Waveney Water Cycle Study (2017) outlines the water infrastructure needs to support development.
  • Waveney Local Plan Suffolk County Transport Model Forecast Model Report (2017) identifies areas of the network where transport mitigation measures may be needed to accommodate growth.
  • Waveney Open Space Needs Assessment (2015) and the Green Infrastructure Strategy (2015) outline needs for open space and green infrastructure across the District.

1.34 The infrastructure needs identified for each town and village are outlined in the section of the Local Plan relevant to that settlement. Appendix 1 of this document provides a summary of all the infrastructure needed in the District.

036 Third Crossing

1.35 There are three strategic pieces of infrastructure which are expected to be delivered during the plan period. These are the Lake Lothing Third Crossing, the Lowestoft Flood Risk Management Project and the Beccles Southern Relief Road. The Lake Lothing Third Crossing will link the A12 via Waveney Drive on the south side of Lake Lothing, to Denmark Road and Peto Way on the north side of Lake Lothing. It is expected to cost nearly £92 million of which £73 million has been secured from the Department for Transport. The Lowestoft Flood Risk Management Project involves reducing flood risk in central Lowestoft through a range of measures. The Beccles Southern Relief Road is now under construction and is intended to improve the centre of Beccles by diverting heavy goods vehicles and commercial traffic away from the centre, and improve connections to the Ellough industrial estates, enhancing the potential for business growth.

1.36 Outside of the District there are plans to upgrade the A12 including a bypass of the four villages of Marlesford, Little Glemham, Stratford St Andrew and Farnham. This project will increase accessibility to Waveney from Ipswich and help support the development of Sizewell C. Also outside the District there are plans to make significant improvement to the A47 which links Lowestoft to Peterborough via Great Yarmouth and Norwich. Some of these works include improvement to junctions in Great Yarmouth. The Council will work with partners to ensure the delivery of these key projects both inside and outside of the District and ensure that following completion they are a success and bring significant benefits to the District.

1.37 New development has a responsibility to contribute towards the cost of new infrastructure. Infrastructure is often funded by developers either through section 106 planning obligations or the Community Infrastructure Levy. Section 106 planning obligations are bespoke agreements made between the Council and the developer where the developer either delivers new infrastructure or contributes money to fund infrastructure to meet the need that development generates. The Community Infrastructure Levy is a standard per sqm charge on most types of new development which the Council pools together to deliver necessary infrastructure.

1.38 Waveney has had a Community Infrastructure Levy in place since August 2013, and is currently the main way in which the Council collects funds from development. The rates of the Levy are set out in the Council's Charging Schedule. Larger sites in the Lake Lothing area, such as the Kirkley Waterfront and Sustainable Urban Neighbourhood site have a zero Levy rate and here the Council will negotiate bespoke section 106 agreements to deliver the infrastructure on site. The Government is currently reviewing whether to retain the levy. However, it is likely that some sort of standard charge similar to the levy will continue in to the future.

1.39 On this basis the Council intends to retain the Levy for most infrastructure funding. The Council may however, need to review the Levy, particularly with respect to the larger sites allocated within the Local Plan which will provide infrastructure on site, as a section 106 agreement may be a preferable approach for at least some of the infrastructure needed.

1.40 Policy WLP1.4 sets out the strategic approach to infrastructure delivery across the District. The policy seeks to ensure that developments will be well supported by new and improved infrastructure.

038 Carlton Colville Housing1.41 Most needs generated by new development will necessitate improvements to existing infrastructure rather than completely new provision. Therefore, most infrastructure provision will take place outside of development sites. This infrastructure will be best funded by the Community Infrastructure Levy or any replacement.

1.42 Housing sites of 1 hectare or more are generally large enough to provide useable open space on site. The provision of new open space on site increases the opportunities and accessibility for play, physical activity and recreation which contributes significantly towards the health and well-being of the population.

1.43 Other on-site infrastructure is only likely to be necessary in much larger developments where a new primary school may be needed for example. However, there may be specific local needs where smaller development can enable the delivery of locally needed infrastructure on site. Examples could include new community centres or village halls.

1.44 Sustainable transport infrastructure and considerations are dealt with specifically under Policy WLP8.21.

1.45 Effective telecommunications, including broadband and mobile phone signals are essential for economic development. However, coverage remains poor in some areas, particularly outside of the towns. In these locations speeds tend to be slow with maximum speeds rarely exceeding 10mbs and many areas struggling to achieve speeds of 3mbs. New development, particularly in the rural areas, presents an opportunity, to improve telecommunications. Policy WLP1.4 below sets out a proactive approach to improving telecommunications infrastructure and requires all new development to provide the fastest possible broadband to premises within the development. 

 

Policy WLP1.4 - Infrastructure

The Council will work with partners including, Suffolk County Council, Parish and Town Council's, Highways England, Environment Agency, Anglian Water and the Great Yarmouth and Waveney Clinical Commissioning Group to ensure that the growth outlined in this Local Plan is supported by necessary infrastructure. The Council will work with partners to ensure the timely delivery and the success of:

  • The Lake Lothing Third Crossing
  • The Lowestoft Flood Risk Management Project
  • The Beccles Southern Relief Road
  • A12 improvements between Lowestoft and Ipswich
  • A47 improvements between Lowestoft and Peterborough

Developers must consider the infrastructure requirements needed to support and service the proposed development. All development will be expected to contribute towards infrastructure provision to meet the needs generated.

Off-site infrastructure will generally be funded by the Community Infrastructure Levy or any replacement.

Open space should be provided on residential development sites of 1 hectare or more in size and be based on the needs identified in the Waveney Green Infrastructure Strategy and Open Space Needs Assessment.

New primary schools should be provided on sites where there is no capacity within local catchment schools and there is no potential to expand the local schools to accommodate the pupils arising from the development.

Development will not be permitted where it would have a significant effect on the capacity of existing infrastructure which cannot be mitigated. Specifically, developers should ensure there is capacity in the water recycling centre and the wastewater network. Where there is no capacity in the water recycling centre, development may need to be phased in order to allow improvement works to take place.

The Council will work with the telecommunications industry to maximise access to super-fast broadband, wireless hotspots and improved mobile signals for all residents and businesses. All new developments must provide the most viable high- speed broadband connection . If a fibre connection cannot currently be provided, infrastructure within the site should be designed to allow for fibre provision in the future.